SOUTHERN PINES EQUINE ASSOCIATES, P.L.L.C.
   

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Horse Health

Vaccination Schedule for Adult Horses

Vaccine

Performance: Traveling/contact with many horses Pleasure: No traveling/minimal contact with new horses

*Eastern/Western Encephalomyelitis

Every 6 months Every 6 months
Tetanus Every 6 months Every 6 months
Rhinoneumonitis Every 3 months Every 6 months
Influenza Every 3 months Every 6 months
Rabies Annual Annual
Potomac Horse Fever If traveling to endemic areas, give semi-annually If traveling to endemic areas, give semi-annually
Strangles (intranasal) Depends on risk, ask your veterinarian Depends on risk, ask your veterinarian
EPM Ask your veterinarian Ask your veterinarian
*West Nile Vaccine Initially 2 vaccines 3-6 weeks apart and then boost every 6 months Initially 2 vaccines 3-6 weeks apart and then boost every 6 months

*North Carolina is currently considered an endemic area for these diseases. For additional information please visit the North Carolina Department of Agriculture.

* Each horse should be evaluated based upon his/her use and potential exposure to other horses and wildlife.

Vaccination Schedule for Foals and Broodmare

Vaccine Foal Broodmare
Eastern/Western Encephalomyelitis 1st at 4 months, 2nd at 5 months Every 6 months, boost 30-45 days before foaling date
Tetanus 1st at 4 months, 2nd at 5 months Annually, boost 30-45 days before foaling date
Rhinoneumonitis 1st at 5 months, 2nd at 6 months, continue to boost every 3 months Every 3 months, boost 30-45 days before foaling date
Influenza 1st at 5 months, 2nd at 6 months, continue to boost every 3 months Every 3 months, boost 30-45 days before foaling date
Rabies 1st at 4 months, then boost annually Annually, boost 30-45 days before foaling date
Potomac Horse Fever Not routine in this area, if traveling check with you Veterinarian Not routine in this area, if traveling check with you Veterinarian
Strangles (intranasal) 1st at 6 months, 2nd at 7 months Ask your Veterinarian
Pneumabort-K Not given to foals At 3rd, 5th 7th and 9th months of pregnancy
Influenza (intranasal) At 7 months, then every 3 months Every 3 months, boost 30-45 days before foaling date
EPM Ask your Veterinarian Ask your Veterinarian
West Nile 1st at 3 months, 2nd at 4 months, and then every 6 months If Open: Initially 2 vaccines 3-6 weeks apart, then every 6 months. If in Foal: THIS VACCINE IS NOT LABELED FOR USE IN PREGNANT MARES

* Each horse should be evaluated based upon his/her use and potential exposure to other horses and wildlife. All pregnant broodmares should be booster-vaccinated at approximately 10 months of pregnancy to insure colostral immunity. They should also receive pneumabort-k vaccines at months: 3,5,7 and 9 months of pregnancy. There is also a new a intranasal influenza vaccine available. This can be given in conjunction with the intra-muscular version. It is likely that the recommendations for vaccinating foals to establish immunity will be modified in the next couple of years, as new research data is validated in field trails.

Recommended Deworming Schedule

Month Dewormer
January Ivermectin
March Quest
May Strongid
July Ivermectin
September Ivermectin
November Equimax

* The above chart is a general deworming schedule. Your own horse's schedule may need to be adjusted based on age, condition, environment, geographic area. Please consult a veterinarian prior to using any medications on your horse if it is pregnant, nursing, aged, in poor health or otherwise physically compromised. We also strongly suggest that all horses have fecal analysis done quarter (only 1 fecal ball per horse is necessary for this test).

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Vital Signs

Adult Horse

  • Temperature: 99.5-101.5 F

  • Heart Rate: 32-44 beats/min.

  • Respiratory Rate: 6-16 breaths/min.

  • Mucous Membrane Color: Pale Pink

  • Capillary Refill Time: 1-2 seconds

  • Gut Sounds: Always Present

Foals

  • Temperature: Increases the first four days, then plateaus at 100-102 F

  • Heart Rate: 60-110 beats/min.

  • Respiratory: 25-60 breaths/min.

First Aid Kit

  • Stethoscope                                

  • Scissors

  • 4 X 4 gauze

  • Vet Wrap

  • Ophthalmic Ointment

  • 6" gauze roll

  • Betadine Scrub/Solution

  • Sheet or Roll Cotton

  • Thermometer

  • Elastikon tape

  • Duct tape

  • Flash light

  • Medication (if possible): Tribrissen Tabs (SMZ), Phenylbutazone or Banamine

Basic First Aid

Lacerations:

  • Control Hemorrhage-bandage or direct pressure

  • Clean contaminated wound with clear water/antiseptic soap

  • Control swelling- bandage

  • Attention to punctures

Colic:

  • Mild to Moderate pain- obtain vital signs then call for assistance/advice

  • No food- Walk 10-15 min./Rest 30 min.

  • Severe or Unrelenting Pain- Call NOW

Eye Problem:

  • Clean/Flush with eye wash

  • Cold compress if swollen

  • Antibiotic ophthalmic ointment

  • Call for assistance/advice

For more information please visit: My Horse Matters

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Anatomy

  • Skeleton of the Horse
     
                                Skeleton of a horse

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  • Bottom of the Hoof      

bottom of the foot of a horse

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  • Longitudinal section of the skull 
                horse skull

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  • Forelimb showing bowed tendon                        Forelimb of a horse showing bowed tendon

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  • Longitudinal section of the fetlock and foot    
            
         Fetlock and foot of a horse

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  • Normal Larynx- Endoscopic View
       
          
     Normal Larynx of a horse

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  • Cut away side view of the foot
     
     
            Cut away side view of a horse foot   

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  • Forelimb      

Forelimb of a horse

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  • Hind limb        

Hindlimb of a horse

 

  
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